Methods of flooring options for different types of floor
Flooring of your home defines the space and your lifestyle. With a number of options available in the market, you need to pick one that goes well with your personal taste and budget. Each flooring option has its own pros and cons so one must make a well-informed decision.
Popular flooring options include vinyl, laminate, tile, and hardwood. So, if you’re looking to take plunge of the installation; here’s a detailed guide on each type of floor:
Vinyl flooring is a budget-friendly flooring option available on the market today. Homeowners prefer vinyl flooring due to durability, appearance, and ease of installation. Among other types, luxury vinyl flooring is extremely durable and can resist hardwearing. It is 100% waterproof and is even ideal for kitchens and bathrooms. Thanks to its versatility and extreme durability, it doesn’t require much maintenance. You just need to do some cleaning and that’s all.
Installing vinyl plank flooring is a good DIY project and that’s really worth the effort. You can lay vinyl planks over concrete, wood, or even existing vinyl. Here’s what you need,
- Crow bar
- Chalk Line
- Utility knife or power saw
- Square tool
For installation, start by removing the baseboards and removing the paint sealing with a utility knife. You can gently use the pry bar to lose the baseboard. Try to use a wooden wedge as a support.
Now, you have to plan your floor, marking the center of each wall and snap lines in between using a chalk line. From the center mark, measure the distance to the starting wall using tape measure. Make sure to provide a 5/16 inch expansion gap. Mark the distance on both ends of the wall to get a straight line mark from the wall.
Now, using a utility knife, cut and score the tongue off the first row of vinyl planks. Lay the plank with a cut end towards the wall. For the second row, you need to cut the piece so that the joints of vinyl flooring are staggered at least 6 inches. Now, you can insert the tongue of the first piece into the groove of the previous row’s first plank and rotate down to click together. For the second row, make sure you place the short piece first and then the long end. Continue the process with staggering joints until you’re done. During installation, you can mix planks from different boxes you have purchased to make it look more textured, remember to blend well for a uniform appearance.
Laminate flooring is a highly durable flooring option with realistic designs. It is basically a multi-layer synthetic flooring option that is processed with paper impregnated with melamine. They’re easy to clean and are best as an overall hygienic solution. The installation is easier and cheaper too. So, if you’re looking for an easy flooring option with scratch and water-resistive features; laminate is the way to go.
Just like vinyl, the installation is pretty straightforward and dry. There’s no grout, no mortar, or adhesive involved. The laminate planks can be easily snapped together and layed in place.
For the installation, here’s the equipment you need:
- Tape measure
- Utility Knife
- Hammer (with tapping block or pull bar)
- Rubber mallet
- Power saw (circular or jigsaw)
- Chalk box
Once you’ve got the laminate floor, you can put some planks together to test the flooring layout. If your room is small, you can even just place the flooring without the need of measurement. But while testing, make sure not to lock the planks at this stage.
Once the layout is final, you can start by installing the underlayment. The vapor barrier is a highly recommended part. This is a thin dense foam layer that not only absorbs sound, but also protects your floor. Just roll the sheets you got and secure the seam with tape.
Now trim off the tongue from the board using a sharp utility knife or circular saw and place it adjacent to the wall. You can start by lying along the longest wall. Make sure to use scrap wood as spacers to get ¼ to 3/8th of an inch gap between the plank and the wall. Now, as per the layout decided, proceed with adding full-length planks to work towards the other part of the room. Make sure to lock each piece with the help of a hammer and a tapping block to have tight end joints. Once you're at the other end of the wall, the last plank on the row will need a little bit of cutting. To do this, measure the length needed (along with the expansion gap) and cut the plank with the help of a circular saw or jigsaw. Secure the cut piece at the end using tongue-and-groove end joint. Now, you can plan and install the other rows in a similar process and finish the installation.
Ceramic tile flooring offers a harder, but still attractive look in your home. There are anti-static tiles available that are dense and easier to clean. They are durable and environmentally friendly. Most homeowners prefer tile flooring due to the ease of care, long-lasting, and durable results.
For tile installation, the planning for patterns plays a crucial role. The overall tile pattern has to be simple, easy to install, and looks good overall for the room or space. Geometric patterns are trendy but cutting on a diagonal style will make things complicated. Anyhow, it’s entirely your own personal preference.
Here’re some tools you need for installation:
- Tile cutting tool
- Rubber mallet
- Tile float and trowel
- Tile spacers
- Large sponges for cleaning the grout
- Tape measure
- Bubble level
- Framing square
- Safety glasses and rubber gloves
For a long-lasting flooring solution, you need to prepare the substrate as firm and inflexible as possible, free of gaps or ridges. You can install cement board panels and screw them to the subfloor.
Once the substrate is fully prepared, you’re ready to measure walls and plan for a pattern. Mark the center point of each wall and snap a chalk line to get a guideline grid. The best way to plan a pattern is by dry fitting the tile without grout or mortar. Now, arrange the tiles along the line such that there's a minimum amount of cut tiles along the wall. Once you’re done with the planning, carefully mark or note the position of tiles.
Now, spread the mortar with a margin trowel as a thin layer. Make sure the size of the mortar extends beyond the perimeter of the tile. Next, press the mortar firmly against the cement board. Press the tile gently on the wet thinset. Twisting the tile back and forth will help to get a deeper and firmer bond. The purpose of doing such is to avoid ridges or gaps in the mortar. Once the tile is in place, position tile spacers at the corners and maintain consistent spacing. Don’t forget to leave 1/4th of an inch along walls and cabinets to counter expansion. Depending on the edge space, you have to cut the tile and snap them apart to fit against the wall and corners.
The next step is to grout the tile seams. To do so, remove the tile spacers and insert the grout using a rubber float. Make sure to firmly draw the long edge of the float across the time seam.
Hardwood flooring is a high-end flooring type with obvious benefits of lovely aesthetics mainly, and durability. It is widely loved by homeowners for the beauty and warmth that it adds to your space. You can get diversified design schemes from traditional to modern. The floor is much easier to clean and has a reputation of being very long lasting.
Here’s a list of tools you need for installing hardwood floor:
- Drill with drill bits
- Nail set
- Circular saw, miter saw or table saw
- Pry bar
- Tape measure
- Utility knife
- Flooring nailer
- Gloves, safety mask, and glasses
Once you've got the flooring, mix the boards from each box to get a nice blend of color. Now is the time to prepare your subfloor. You should remove old flooring and any residue like carpet strips or baseboard.
While installing boards, take note that the first and last rows of the room will be nailed through the face of the board while the rest will be nailed through the tongue. You can screw these rows to prevent splitting. Afterwards, lay the first board along with the groove facing towards the wall. Using 3/4th of an inch spacer, leave the expansion gap along the length towards the end. Now, drive the nails through the predrilled holes. Tap the next board in place with a mallet and tapping block. When you reach the other end of the wall, make sure to cut the size, leaving a gape of 3/4th of an inch to account for expansion.
The bottom line
You see, now you have a number of flooring options with a plethora of benefits. The installation is also simple and straightforward when you have the right type of tools and gadgets. Different types of flooring installation needs a different set of tools. It is important that you make sure to order the right supplies.
Here at SPF Construction Products, we have a range of tools and gadgetry dedicated for all sorts of flooring ventures. We have a diverse range of cutting blades and drill bits that come in handy in the process of cutting vinyl, tiles, laminate or hardwood flooring. For installing hardwood flooring, our inventory contains high end power drills that will make your job very easy.
If you’re looking to upgrade your existing wooden floor, we also have different choices of sanding products to help you get the job done fast and smoothly.Visit spf.net.au and get 10% off your first order.